Ototoksik (İç Kulaktaki Hücrelere Zarar Vererek Sağırlığa Neden Olabilen) İlaç Listesi

Anti- infektifler

Aminoglycosides (amikacin, gentamicin, tobramycin…)
Amphotericin B
Ampicillin
Antihelminthics (Praziquantel, thiabendazole)
Chloramphenicol

 

Chlorhexidine (for topical use)
Chloroquine
Colistin
Griseofulvin (antifungal)
Macrolides (azithromycin, erythromycin)
Metronidazole
Nalidixic acid
Sulfonamides
Tetracyclines (Minocycline, tetracycline)
Thiabenzazole (antihelmintic)
Vancomycin

Anti-enflamatuar ilaçlar (NSAID, salisilatlar)

Aspirin (salicylic acid)
Ibuprofen
Naproxen
Fenoprofen
Indomethacin
Ketoprofen
Piroxicam
Sulindac

Antineoplastik ajanlar (onkolojik ilaçlar)

Bleomycin
Cisplatin
Cytarabine
Mechlorethamine
Methotrexate (also for RA)
Nitrogen mustard
Vinblastine
Vincristine

Kardiyovasküler ilaçlar

Enalapril
Captopril
Digitalis
Guanethidine
Guanfacine
Metroprolol
Minoxidil (also for alopecia)
Quinidine
Tocainide

Diüretikler

Acetazolamide
Bumetanide
Ethacrynic acid
Furosemide
Mannitol

Trisiklik antidepresanlar

Amitriptyline
Amoxapine
Desipramine
Doxepin
Imipramine
Nortriptyline

Kötüye kullanım potansiyeli olan maddeler

Alcohol
Caffeine
Cocaine
Nicotine
Phencyclidine (PCP)

Çeşitli ajanlar

Albuterol
Antihistamines
Atropine
Bromates
Carbamazepine (anticonvulsant)
Haloperidol
Hydroquinone (antipigmentation agent)
Lithium
Local anesthetics (Bupivacaine, lidocaine, mepivacaine)
Metal chelators (Deferoxamine, penicillamine)
Methylphenidate
Oral contraceptives
Pentobarbital
Quinine
Theophylline

Kaynak:

- ototoxicdrugs - HLAAbq

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